Dr. Demos Neophytou

Cyprus Orthopaedic Surgeon


Frozen shoulder is a painful condition in which the shoulder becomes uncomfortable and stiff due to inflammation and scarring of the lining around the shoulder joint. Usually this occurs spontaneously with no obvious cause. However frozen shoulder can be associated with a minor injury to the shoulder or arm, any condition of the arm where the shoulder has been immobilised e.g. wearing a sling, or even diabetes.

The predominant symptoms of frozen shoulder are of pain and stiffness. When the condition begins, the shoulder is very painful without often having any affect on range of movement. Gradually the shoulder becomes more and more stiff. Often as the stiffness worsens, the pain becomes more tolerable. Frozen shoulder will often settle spontaneously, however this cycle may take 2-3 years.

Frozen shoulder surgery
As frozen shoulder is a condition that naturally gets better, all our treatments aim to get you back to full health as quickly as possible. Physiotherapy may not be able to prevent stiffness coming on but is helpful in regaining movement once the “thawing” stage is entered. Anti-inflammatory steroid injections may reduce pain in the shoulder but are unlikely to prevent the condition progressing or stiffness developing. Treatment with keyhole (arthroscopic) surgery to release the scarring of the lining of the shoulder joint is very effective to resolve pain and improve shoulder movement. This can be carried out as a daycase operation (come into hospital and return home the same day).